Some Aspects of Industrial Decentralization in South Africa

A primary objective of government policy in South Africa is to increase the proportion of the African population resident in the homeland areas. One of the instruments of this policy is the industrial decentralization programme which seeks to influence the ideographical distribution of employment in manufacturing industry both directly by restricting the rate of growth of the larger industrial centres and by encouraging industrial development at certain ‘growth points’, situated predominantly in the border areas. This policy is discussed in the article in the following sections: The impact of decentralization policy 1960-70 – Inter-regional differences in average earnings – The special inducements and permissible excess costs -Temporary v. continuing excess costs – Inter-regional specialization and relative factor endowment – Factor substitution and relative factor prices – Aspects of the case for industrial decentralization. Tables; ref.

Title:Some Aspects of Industrial Decentralization in South Africa
Author:Bell, R.T.
Year:1974
Periodical:South Africa International
Volume:5
Issue:1
Period:July
Pages:23-44
Language:English
Geographic term:South Africa
Abstract:A primary objective of government policy in South Africa is to increase the proportion of the African population resident in the homeland areas. One of the instruments of this policy is the industrial decentralization programme which seeks to influence the ideographical distribution of employment in manufacturing industry both directly by restricting the rate of growth of the larger industrial centres and by encouraging industrial development at certain ‘growth points’, situated predominantly in the border areas. This policy is discussed in the article in the following sections: The impact of decentralization policy 1960-70 – Inter-regional differences in average earnings – The special inducements and permissible excess costs -Temporary v. continuing excess costs – Inter-regional specialization and relative factor endowment – Factor substitution and relative factor prices – Aspects of the case for industrial decentralization. Tables; ref.