Revolution in Tigray

The root causes of the current revolution in Tigray lie in past history, and in the formation of the Ethiopian empire-state in particular. According to official history, ‘Ethiopia’ can look back on 3000 years of uninterrupted, independent existence. Yet this is a gross over-simplification. Tigray, for example, was an independent state until the 12th century. Subsequently it became part of the Abyssinian confederation. In the late nineteenth-early twentieth century the Shoan king Menelik conquered much of what eventually became Ethiopia. He imposed a colonial-type administration, perpetuated by Haile Selassie, but failed to produce a fully-integrated nation or state. All non-Amhara people were alienated and oppressed. Tigrayans, increasingly aware of their oppression, began to organise their own defense, resulting in the birth of the Tigray National Organisation in 1972, which transformed itself into the Tigray Peoples Liberation Front in 1975. Notes, ref.

Title:Revolution in Tigray
Author:Solomon Inquai
Year:1983
Periodical:Horn of Africa
Volume:6
Issue:4
Pages:5-14
Language:English
Geographic term:Ethiopia
Abstract:The root causes of the current revolution in Tigray lie in past history, and in the formation of the Ethiopian empire-state in particular. According to official history, ‘Ethiopia’ can look back on 3000 years of uninterrupted, independent existence. Yet this is a gross over-simplification. Tigray, for example, was an independent state until the 12th century. Subsequently it became part of the Abyssinian confederation. In the late nineteenth-early twentieth century the Shoan king Menelik conquered much of what eventually became Ethiopia. He imposed a colonial-type administration, perpetuated by Haile Selassie, but failed to produce a fully-integrated nation or state. All non-Amhara people were alienated and oppressed. Tigrayans, increasingly aware of their oppression, began to organise their own defense, resulting in the birth of the Tigray National Organisation in 1972, which transformed itself into the Tigray Peoples Liberation Front in 1975. Notes, ref.